Read more about Gouken at: Wikipedia
Official Site: Capcom
is a fictional character in the Street Fighter series. He is the martial arts master who trained Ryu and Ken, as well as the elder brother and former training partner of Akuma. Gouken is usually depicted as a bearded man who wears Mala prayer beads on his neck and a karate gi with the kanji mu (無), or "void" sewn to the back. Although Gouken has been a supporting character in the background story Street Fighter series since Super Street Fighter II Turbo, he did not make his first full-fledged appearance in the video game until his appearance as a hidden character in Street Fighter IV.
While the backstory for the early installments of the Street Fighter series established that Ryu and Ken trained under the same martial arts master, the identity of this character was originally unnamed. The character Gouken was conceived to serve this role in the Masaomi Kanzaki manga Street Fighter II: Ryu, an adaptation of the original Street Fighter II serialized in Japan's Family Computer Magazine (and later adapted into English under the simplified title Street Fighter II). In the storyline of the manga, Gouken trained Ryu and Ken in his temple somewhere in the Japanese wilderness. One day, M. Bison, along with his henchmen Sagat and Vega, stormed Gouken s dojo and killed him, leaving Ryu and Ken with the duty to avenge their master s death. While the manga took liberties with the established canon of the games, Gouken s character would be adapted in the storyline of the later games in the series following Akuma's introduction in Super Street Fighter II Turbo.
Other characters were also conceived to fill the role of Ryu and Ken s mentor in licensed adaptations. in Street Fighter II: The Animated Movie, which was released shortly after Super Street Fighter II Turbo in Japan, is mentioned to be Ryu and Ken's master when their vital statistics are compared in a scene. Although Goutetsu was also introduced in Akuma's background story in Super Turbo as well, in the video game canon he serves the role of Gouken and Akuma's sensei. Also filling a similar role is in the 1995 manga Street Fighter II V Retsuden by Yasushi Baba (a loose adaptation of the TV anime series Street Fighter II V serialzed at Comic Bon Bon). In Retsuden, Gou-un was the assistant instructor who taught Ryu how to perform a Hadoken.
The instruction manual for the American and European versions of Street Fighter II for the SNES identified Ryu and Ken's master under the name of Sheng Long, a name derived from a mistranslation of Ryu's victory phrase in the arcade version of the game ("You must defeat Sheng Long to stand a chance"), which was also basis of the hoax character of the same name. In fact, Sheng Long is the Mandarin pronunciation of the first two kanji characters in , the Japanese name of the Dragon Punch, one of Ryu and Ken's special techniques. Shōryūken, or shēng lóng quán in Mandarin, means "Rising Dragon Fist".
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