The Scarecrow (Dr. Jonathan Crane) is a fictional character that appears in comic book published by DC Comics. The character first appeared in World's Finest Comics #3 (Fall 1941) and was created by Bill Finger and Bob Kane.
A former psychiatrist who uses a variety of drug and psychological tactics to exploit the fears and phobia of his adversaries, the Scarecrow is a member of Batman's rogues gallery; although he made only two appearances in the Golden Age of Comic Books, the character was eventually revived during the Silver Age of Comic Books by writer Gardner Fox and artist Sheldon Moldoff in the pages of Batman #189 (Feb 1967) and has since become a staple Batman villain.
The character of Scarecrow has featured in other DC Comics-endorsed products such as feature film, video game, animated television program, and merchandise such as action figure. Irish actor Cillian Murphy portrayed the Scarecrow in Batman Begins and The Dark Knight. In 2009, the Scarecrow was ranked as IGN's 58th Greatest Villain of All Time.
First appearing in World's Finest Comics #3 (Fall 1941), the Scarecrow is Dr. Jonathan Crane, a professor of psychology and expert in the psychology of fear, who turns to crime after being fired due to his eccentric behavior. His modus operandi is the adoption of a Scarecrow persona, used to threaten his victims into doing whatever he wants. Scarecrow is eventually defeated by Batman and Robin and sent to Gotham State Penitentiary. The Scarecrow escapes from jail in Detective Comics #73, not reappearing again until the 1960s-era Batman comics.
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Official Site: DC Comics
Links: Wikipedia- Scarecrow Unofficial Guide to DCU Superhero Database: Scarecrow