The following is a list of characters from Michael Crichton's novels Jurassic Park and its sequel, The Lost World. Details are also given on the characters' roles in Steven Spielberg's film adaptations, Jurassic Park and The Lost World: Jurassic Park, as well as Jurassic Park III. Jurassic Park III, directed by Joe Johnston, is not an adaptation, but contains characters and events based on Crichton's novels.
Jurassic Park is a 1990 science fiction novel written by Michael Crichton, adopted into a feature film released in 1993. As the novel opens, billionaire entrepreneur John Hammond creates a high-tech amusement park on Isla Nublar (a fictional Costa Rican island) filled with dinosaurs cloned using DNA found in prehistoric insects. In order to open the park, he must first gain the approval of several experts in different fields and invites paleontologists Alan Grant and Ellie Sattler, mathematician Ian Malcolm, and his investor's attorney, Donald Gennaro, to tour the park. Upon arrival, the experts begin discovering errors in the system, such as dinosaurs in the wrong pens and evidence of dinosaurs breeding in the wild. These errors occur in spite of Jurassic Park being run by expert computer engineers and top-notch technical systems. Soon after, due to a hurricane and industrial sabotage by a disgruntled technician, the park undergoes several technical failures and the dinosaurs escape their pens. A Tyrannosaur attacks the group, separating them, and the staff make a desperate attempt to regain control of the situation. As Ian Malcolm had predicted from the start, it becomes quite clear that they had never been in control. Often considered a cautionary tale on biological tinkering in the same spirit as Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, the book uses the mathematical concept of chaos theory and its philosophical implications to explain the inevitable collapse of the park.
The two film sequels take place on Isla Sorna, a nearby island known as "Site B," where the dinosaurs were engineered and nurtured for a few months, before being moved to Isla Nublar, the location of the amusement park.
Dr. Alan Grant is one of the protagonist in the first novel, as well as the first and third films. In the novel, Grant is described as a barrel-chested, bearded man with a strong affinity for children, especially ones interested in dinosaur. Grant, based on paleontologist Jack Horner, is said to be one of the world's most renowned paleontologist, specializing in hadrosaur and other duck-billed dinosaurs such as maiasaura. His scientific achievements, including the first description of maiasaurs, are that of Robert R. Makela and Jack Horner. His movie persona, played by Sam Neill, has elements similar to adventure hero Indiana Jones, such as the fact that he is commonly shown wearing a fedora-style hat.
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