Nova (Richard Rider) is a fictional character, a comic book superhero in the Marvel Comics universe. Becoming a member of the galaxy's Nova Corps, an intergalactic police force, the youth gained enhanced strength, flight, injury resistance, and a specialized uniform with life support.
The character, in a slightly different form as Black Nova, was created by Marv Wolfman and Len Wein in the fanzine Super Adventures in 1966. Seven years later John Romita, Sr. tweaked the design of the character's uniform. Nova debuted in Nova #1 in 1976, written by Wolfman and drawn by John Buscema. Wolfman intended the teenage character to be an homage to Stan Lee and Steve Ditko's Spider-Man, down to his humble working-class roots and alliterative alter-ego. The original Nova series, The Man Called Nova (the tag-line for issue #1 reads "In the Marvelous tradition of Spider-Man!"), lasted 25 issues, running from September 1976 to May 1979. Dangling plotlines were resolved in several issues of Fantastic Four, (also by Wolfman) and Rom the Spaceknight. The character then disappeared into obscurity for some time before returning as a member of the original New Warriors team, appearing in New Warriors (vol. 1) #1-75, Annual #1-4 (July 1990 — September 1996).
Marvel produced three subsequent Nova titles, including Nova (vol. 2) #1-18, which ran from January 1994 to June 1995, and Nova, The Human Rocket (vol. 3) #1-7, which ran from May 1999 to November 1999. Nova would also return in two subsequent series as a member of the New Warriors, namely New Warriors (vol. 2) #0-10 (October 1999 — July 2000) and New Warriors (vol. 3) #1-6 (July 2005 - December, 2005). The most recent of solo series (Nova, volume 4) began in April 2007.
The character also featured prominently in the 2006 Annihilation cross-over storyline (which included the Annihilation: Nova limited series), that led into the fourth volume of Nova as well as 2007's Annihilation: Conquest, in which Nova was prominently featured.
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