Artemis Fowl II is the main character of the fictional series Artemis Fowl by the Irish author Eoin Colfer.
Colfer has said that he based Artemis on his younger brother Donal, who as a child was "a mischievous mastermind who could get out of any trouble he got into". A childhood picture of his brother in his first communion suit caused Colfer to think of how much Colfer's brother resembled "a little James Bond villain" and "how funny...a twelve-year-old James Bond villain" would be, inspiring Colfer's creation of Artemis.
Colfer planned for Artemis to have been called Archimedes but changed the name due to an interest in using a “classic Greek name” and trepidation that “people would think [the series] was about [the historical figure] Archimedes". Artemis is a notable choice for a name because while it is traditionally a female name, it “was [historically] sometimes…given to boys as a kind of honorific if their fathers were great hunters”. Fowl was derived from the Irish name Fowler as a play on word to convey the characterization that Artemis was a nasty or foul individual at the beginning of the series.
As shown in the fifth book and the chapter of the seventh book on the series' website, Artemis' birthday is September 1.
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Official Site: Hyperion Books
Links: Wikipedia Artemis fowl confidential Official site