Adam Warlock, originally known as Him, is a fictional character that appears in comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character first appeared in Fantastic Four #66 (Sept. 1967) (in cocoon form) and #67 (Oct. 1967), (in humanoid form) and was created by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby.
Debuting in the Silver Age of comic books, the character has appeared in over four decades of Marvel publications, and starred in the popular titles Marvel Premiere and Strange Tales; five self-titled volumes and several related limited series. Adam Warlock has also been associated with Marvel merchandise including clothing; toy; trading cards; animated television series and video game.
The character debuted in Fantastic Four #66-67 (Sept.-Oct. 1967) in a story written by Stan Lee and pencilled and co-plotted by Jack Kirby. Established as an artificial human called Him, the character was created for personal gain and power by the scientific group the Enclave. The superhero team the Fantastic Four, rescuing their friend Alicia Masters from the Enclave's island base, escape together when Him "hatches" from his cocoon and destroys the island. Him abandons his masters and departs Earth for space.
After a final appearance as "Him" in Thor #165-166 (June-July 1969), writer and then Marvel editor-in-chief Roy Thomas and penciler Gil Kane significantly revamped Him as the allegorical Messiah Adam Warlock in Marvel Premiere #1 (April 1972). The High Evolutionary, a master of genetics, evolved Him to a more advanced state of being and rechristened the character "Adam Warlock" in Marvel Premiere #2 (May 1972). Thomas in 2009 explained he had been fan of the soundtrack to the musical Jesus Christ Superstar and sought to bring the story to comic books in a superhero context: "Yes, I had some trepidation about the Christ parallels, but I hoped there would be little outcry if I handled it tastefully, since I was not really making any serious statement on religion ... at least not overtly." Choosing to use a preexisting character while keeping the series locale separate from mainstream Marvel Earth, he created Counter-Earth, a new planet generated from a chunk of Earth and set in orbit on the opposite side of the sun. Thomas and Kane collaborated on the costume, with the red tunic and golden lightning bolt as their homage to Fawcett Comics' 1940s-1950s character Captain Marvel.
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